Categories
Historical linguistics

Historical Linguistics: Remarks 7/7

These brief overviews were an attempt to describe in which form the relatively new discipline within language science, historical linguistics, has existed throughout human history, although it had not been explicitly named until relatively recently.  At first, it was the object of the study of those rare individuals whose task was to preserve sacred texts […]

Categories
Historical linguistics

Language – Synchrony and Diachrony (4/7)

Synchrony, as introduced and contrasted to diachrony by Saussure, is “the absence of a time element in linguistic description” and consequently “more directly evidential” than the diachronic study (Trask 287). In the nineteenth century, as described by Hale (8), when scholars had at their disposal only few sets of dead languages, it was assumed that […]

Categories
Historical linguistics

Trubetzkoy, Chomsky (3/7)

After World War One more scientific techniques were applied to the study of language, induced by discoveries in theoretical research and archaeology. One of the most prominent scholars of this period is N.S. Trubetzkoy who, in his book titled in English Principles of Phonology (1939) “made signal contribution of combining Saussure’s social view of the […]