Categories
Phonetics

The Speech Organs and Airstream

Speech is produced by the speech organs, where airstream  causes the vocal folds to vibrate (this applies to the egressive airstream mechanism). The created sound then moves through the articulatory system, attaining its final form – one of the sounds used in the language of the speaker.  This text is an overview of what happens […]

Categories
Phonetics

Speech and the Respiratory System

Speech, a form of human communication,  is produced by three groups of organs working together: respiratory, phonatory and articulatory. The dominant elements of the respiratory system [1] are the lungs, the chest wall and the diaphragm. Working together, they provide the mechanical energy in form of air pressure, the aerodynamic energy of the speech (Kent & Read […]

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Phonetics Programming

The Euclidean Distance in Diphthongs – R Graph and Code

Representing and plotting a distance in F1/F2 graph, in terms of the Euclidean distance, is relatively easy in R. This post shows one of the ways of achieving that. First, we provide a sample data, which consists of F1 and F2 values for two diphthong targets.  Then, draw the diphthong positions with their starting and […]