Categories
Historical linguistics

Language – Synchrony and Diachrony (4/7)

Synchrony, as introduced and contrasted to diachrony by Saussure, is “the absence of a time element in linguistic description” and consequently “more directly evidential” than the diachronic study (Trask 287). In the nineteenth century, as described by Hale (8), when scholars had at their disposal only few sets of dead languages, it was assumed that […]

Categories
Historical linguistics

Trubetzkoy, Chomsky (3/7)

After World War One more scientific techniques were applied to the study of language, induced by discoveries in theoretical research and archaeology. One of the most prominent scholars of this period is N.S. Trubetzkoy who, in his book titled in English Principles of Phonology (1939) “made signal contribution of combining Saussure’s social view of the […]

Categories
Historical linguistics

Linguistics from 18th Century to World War One (2/7)

The interest in past helped the development of comparative research and new ideas. Thus Rasmus Rask (1787-1832) wrote about phonological relationships between Greek and Old Norse words, for example pate : father (ibid). Hock explained (37-38) that although Rask discovered  that the most fascinating feature of PIE aspirates bh, dh, gh is “their aspiration, rather […]